Due to the Iran—Iraq War in the s and the dissolution of the Soviet Union in the s, almost half of the Armenians migrated to the newly independent Armenia. However, the opposite trend has occurred since , and the number of Christians with Iranian citizenship increased to , in At the same time, significant immigration of Assyrians from Iraq has been recorded due to massacres and harassment in post-Saddam Iraq. However, most of those Assyrians in Iran do not have Iranian citizenship, and therefore aren't included in the data. In , the central office of the International Union of Assyrians was officially transferred to Iran after being hosted in the United States for more than four decades.
The government guarantees the recognized Christian minorities a number of rights production and sale of non- halal foods , [ citation needed ] representation in parliament , special family law etc. On 2 February , four United Nations human rights experts said that members of the Christian minority in Iran, particularly those who have converted to Christianity, are facing severe discrimination and religious persecution in Iran.
They expressed their concerns over treatment of three Iranian Christians imprisoned in Iran. Christianity remains the second-largest non-Muslim minority religion in the country. Beginning in the s some Protestant pastors started to hold church services in homes in Persian, rather than in one of the ethnic Christian minority languages such as Armenian or Syriac. One of the key leaders who spearheaded this movement was the Assemblies of God bishop Haik Hovsepian Mehr. Worshiping in homes, rather than in church buildings, and utilizing the national language Persian which was spoken by all Muslims, combined with dissatisfaction at violence connected to the Iranian Revolution led to substantial numbers of Iranian Muslims departing Islam and converting to Christianity.
This took place both within Iran and abroad, among the Iranian diaspora. Muslims who change their faith to Christianity are subject to societal and official pressure which may lead to the death penalty. Some Christian ex-Muslims emigrate from Iran for educational, political, security or economic reasons. It is difficult to obtain accurate figures for Protestants of all denominations and Catholics in Iran. According to the data from the mid s, all Protestant churches in Iran claimed an ethnic and Iranian membership of 5,, 8,, 10, or 15, Armenian and Assyrian Christians use Bibles in their own languages.
Multiple Persian translations and versions of the Bible have been translated in more recent times. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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Saint Benjamin the Deacon and Martyr. Christianity portal Iran portal. Archived from the original on 31 December Retrieved 1 December Retrieved 19 March State Department 26 October So spirited was the Armenian defense, however, that the Persians suffered enormous losses as well. Their victory was pyrrhic and the king, faced with troubles elsewhere, was forced, at least for the time being, to allow the Armenians to worship as they chose.
The Armenian defeat in the Battle of Avarayr in proved a pyrrhic victory for the Persians. Though the Armenians lost their commander, Vartan Mamikonian, and most of their soldiers, Persian losses were proportionately heavy, and Armenia was allowed to remain Christian. Anthropology of the Middle East. Cultural and Ethical Legacies.
Transaction Publishers, 31 dec. Rutgers University Press, 18 dec. The Church of the East: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the history of homosexuality and Christianity from the beginnings of the Church through the mid s. For current teachings of Christian Churches on homosexuality, see Christianity and homosexuality.
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Homosexuality in medieval Europe. This article or section possibly contains synthesis of material which does not verifiably mention or relate to the main topic. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. July Learn how and when to remove this template message. Biblical law in Christianity. The examples and perspective in this section deal primarily with the United States and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject. You may improve this article , discuss the issue on the talk page , or create a new article , as appropriate.
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The Sins of Scripture. See the comments by Craig A.
Williams in his Roman Homosexuality Oxford, , p. Longmans, Green and Co. Homily 4 on Romans Chrysostom ". Ante-Nicene Fathers , 10 vols. Wace, Henry and Schaff, Philip. A Select library of Nicene and post-Nicene fathers of the Christian church.
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Fathers of the Church: Catholic University of America Press. Council of Ancyra A. Parvis notes that "although the Latin versions all hedged their bets and translated the word in both senses [sodomy and bestiality], the earliest Syriac simply translates it with the phrase "have intercourse with animals" p.
We order the statutes to arise, the laws to be armed with an avenging sword, that those infamous persons who are now, or who hereafter may be, guilty may be subjected to exquisite punishment. Some scholars Dalla, Cantarella, and Treggiari note that the "marriage" in question may be a metaphor for the passive, or "feminine" role in sex rather than a literal reference to a same-sex parody of marriage.
Williams, in his Roman Homosexuality p. All persons who have the shameful custom of condemning a man's body, acting the part of a woman's to the sufferance of alien sex for they appear not to be different from women , shall expiate a crime of this kind in avenging flames in the sight of the people. The Church and the Homosexual: An Historical Perspective, ". Southern , Saint Anselm: A Portrait in a Landscape Cambridge, , pp. Payer, Sex and the Penitentials Toronto, , pp. Boswell attempts to dismiss four hundred years' worth of penitentials in a few paragraphs of Christianity, Social Tolerance, and Homosexuality , pp.
Alain of Lille [Alanus de lnsulis], The complaint of nature [extracts]". The natural law Prima Secundae Partis, Q. Archived from the original on 17 May Retrieved 18 April Thomas Aquinas and Natural Law: What is happiness Prima Secundae Partis, Q. Archived from the original on 11 October Archived from the original on 15 October Beginning with an in-depth look at the historical identity of Iran, religiously, culturally and politically, Bradley shows how this identity makes Iranians inclined towards Christianity. He goes on to look at the impact of the revolution, an event which has brought war, economic chaos and totalitarianism to Iran, and its implications for Iranian faith.
The study concludes with an analysis of church growth since and an examination of the emerging underground church. This is a fascinating work, guaranteed to improve any reader's knowledge of not only Iranian faith and church growth, but of Iranian culture and history as a whole thanks to the thorough treatment given to the country's background. Hardcover , pages. Published January 22nd by Bloomsbury Academic first published November 22nd To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. To ask other readers questions about Iran and Christianity , please sign up.
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